In the grim darkness of the immediate present, there is only despair

(Warning: people struggling with depression and/or suicidal ideation may want to avoid reading this article)

Let’s not kid ourselves. We’re pretty f****d aren’t we?

Where to begin…how about a run-down of the present moment we’re in?

It is October in the year of our Dark Lord 2020. At this time there are more than 220,000 Americans that have died from the novel Coronavirus-19 and we’re adding roughly 1,000 Americans a day to the pool of victims losing their lives to this illness. There has been a total of 36,000,000 worldwide Covid-19 cases and more than 1,100,000 deaths globally. This pandemic and the resulting…


In the 21st century modern social science is suffering from what appears to be a fatal flaw, the is-ought problem. First described by the 18th century philosopher David Hume, the is-ought problem is also known as the Hume’s law or the fact-value gap. In short, the is-ought problem can be described as the gap that exists between what is in the real world, and how philosopher’s think the world ought to be. To David Hume, it is unreasonable to take facts about the way that the world is and conclude from those facts statements about the way the world should…


While the world continues to go through its usual paces and people seem content to be glued to their smart phones, a looming threat to the world has appeared on the horizon: climate change. Does that sound exaggerated and alarmist to you? It is possible that your unfavorable reaction to that statement is the normalcy bias in you making an appearance. Normalcy bias is the tendency for people to underestimate the possibility of a disaster, and the possible effects of that disaster, because it is so far outside what typically happens in “normal” life. It is the same bias that…


In his ancient classic The Republic, Plato writes his Allegory of the Cave. In this allegory, we learn Plato’s conceptualization of the human condition, which is analogous to people watching shadows being cast on a cave wall, believing those shadows to be reality. Plato describes to us how through the process of acquiring wisdom (philosophy), we can move further and further away from the shadows (ignorance) and closer to the actual outside world that was casting the shadows (truth, reality). However, partly due to the collapse of Judeo-Christian metaphysics in the Western tradition, a new kind of philosophy has appeared…


Alexandre Kojeve

For having been an outspoken Marxist, Alexandre Kojeve was quite different from an average member of the socialist intelligentsia. Alexandre leaned heavily on the importance of the individual; in some ways making him much closer to a Western philosopher than a Marxist or Eastern philosopher. When it came to the individual, Kojeve felt it was of the highest importance that people better themselves to the fullest extent, and in order to fully self-actualize, people need to receive recognition from those they themselves “recognize as worthy of recognizing [them].” Kojeve holds this to be true for the tyrant and the philosopher…

Critical Discourse

Narrating the Anthropocene.

Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store